What do Psychologists Do?

There are many different types of psychologist, but what do they each do?

Clinical Psychologist

Clinical psychologists aim to reduce psychological distress and enhance and promote psychological well-being. Clinical psychologists are trained to work across the life span and many will specialise in child and adolescent, adult or older adult work. Clinical psychologists will employ a range of therapies, including cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), psychodynamic therapy and systemic family therapy. Clinical psychologists will also undertake cognitive and neuropsychological assessments.

Counselling Psychologist

Counselling psychologists will often work in similar ways to clinical psychologists. In particular, they work across a diverse range of problems, such as, bereavement, past and present relationships, mental health issues and disorders. Counselling psychologists will often work with a range of therapies, including cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), psychodynamic therapy and systemic family therapy.

Educational Psychologist

Educational psychologists apply psychology to help children and young people most often with school and learning related concerns. As such, educational psychologists will often undertake assessments of a child's learning abilities and make recommendations to improve educational functioning.

Forensic Psychologist

Forensic psychologists work with psychological aspects of legal processes, including applying theory to criminal investigations, understanding psychological problems associated with criminal behaviour, and the treatment of criminals.

Health Psychologist

Health psychologists apply psychological principles to promote changes in people’s attitudes, behaviour and thinking about health and illness. They deal with topics such as quitting smoking, weight management or promoting safer-sex. The aim is to promote good health and prevent illness.

Occupational Psychologist

Occupational psychologists help an organisation to get the best from its workforce and improve the job satisfaction of the individual. By applying psychological expertise, they work to increase the organisation’s effectiveness and improve the career development of employees. This can involve staff motivation, recruitment or career planning. Occupational psychologists may also design or use psychometric tests, as a way of measuring role suitability.

Sport and Exercise Psychologist

Sport psychologists work with sports participants across a range of both team and individual sports and from amateur to elite levels of competition. A sport psychologist is primarily concerned with the application of psychology to increase exercise participation and motivational levels in the general public.

Search by Psychologist Type

Now you can search specifically for any of these types of psychologists on our PsychFinder network, and even by specialist field, to find UK accredited Psychologists near you. And if you need any more assistance finding the right Psychologist for you, then get in touch!